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‘A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.’

 Marcus Garvey.

History at Avenue Primary School


At Avenue Primary School, we view History not only as simple facts and dates but encourage pupils to become detectives who explore the past in an exciting way. History gives pupils a chance to explore a wide range of sources from which the past may come alive.


History allows our children to compare and contrast, to examine how and why things have changed, to learn about historical characters and expand their research skills.


We teach children to be open minded and enquiring thinkers who understand cause and effect. We want them to understand how people have lived in the past and compare this to modern life.


We encourage first hand experiences through handling real artefacts and wherever possible arranging field work visits to relevant sites of historical interest in the region or bringing in specialists for in-school workshops.


History in the Foundation Stage


In Foundation Stage, history is taught within the Early Learning Goals and the key skills include:


  • remembering and talking about significant events in their own experience.
  • recognising and describing special times or events for family or friends.
  • talking about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members.

History in Key Stage 1


In Key Stage 1, history is taught termly and includes:


  • changes within living memory
  • events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally
  • the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements
  • significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.
    Key skills covered include:
  • developing an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time
  • knowing where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework
  • identifying similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods
  • using a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms
  • asking and answering questions
  • choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events
  • understanding some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented.

History in Key Stage 2

In Key Stage 2, history is taught as two topics per year. In each phase, over a two year period this consists of:

  • a British study
  • a local study
  • a world study

Key skills covered include:

  •  noting connections, contrasts and trends over time and developing the appropriate use of historical terms.
  • regularly addressing and sometimes devising historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance. 
  • constructing informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information. 
  • understanding how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.